Sports physiotherapy and neurological physiotherapy

There is no second opinion in the fact that science and technology has made man’s life easier in so many ways. Various discoveries have fastened our lifestyles. These discoveries have been invented for every field of life. One such field which has proved to the most beneficial one is medical field. Inventions of drugs, surgical equipments and other such medical related machineries have elongated man’s life. The diseases which could not be cured in ancient times were labelled as an evil attack. However, we are fortunate enough to have a treatment or cure for almost every possible disease. Medical sciences are further divided into various branches. One such branch is the branch of physiotherapy. In this article, we will be discussing about the two different categories of physiotherapy; sports physiotherapy and neurological physiotherapy. 

Physiotherapy: 

Physiotherapy is the branch of medical sciences in which physical treatment is done on a patient suffering from external body pains instead of the drugs or surgery. Different types of methods are used to cure the muscular pains, pains in bones and pains in joints. These methods might range from heat physiotherapy to massage physiotherapy. The person who studies physiotherapy is known as physiotherapist. Proper course of about four to five years have to be taken to become a physiotherapist. There are different types of physiotherapy which might range from orthopaedic physiotherapy to paediatric physiotherapy. These forms of physiotherapy differ on the basis of different body parts. However, we will be particularly discussing about neurological physiotherapy and sports physiotherapy. 

Sports physiotherapy: 

Sports physiotherapy is the category of physiotherapy which is especially meant to treat athletes. In this type of physiotherapy such treatment is carried out that athlete can again play or do sports properly. The treatment can be in the form oil massage on deformed muscles or heated physiotherapy on inflamed joints. Sports physiotherapy is also carried out by enabling the athlete (patient) to do various exercises which can re-activate the swollen parts. Some people confuse physiotherapist with massage specialist but that is a total misconceptions as physiotherapist has closely studied about human body parts and knows which cure to apply on which part of a body. 

Instead of oil massage there is no similarity between the two professions. Moreover, even the method of doing oil massage also varies between the two as sports physiotherapist applies the special techniques which he has studied in his five year long course. On the other hand, a massage specialist only applies and spread the oil on body without knowing much about the human body parts or the way they should be treated. 

Neurological physiotherapy: 

As we know that neurological is the field that is related with the nervous system of human body. Similarly, neurological physiotherapy is the branch of physiotherapy in which such methods of physiotherapy are used which can cure the pains related to nervous system of human body. However, the thing that distinguishes neurological physiotherapy from any other medical neurological treatment is that in neurological physiotherapy uses such ways which do not involve any kind of medicine or surgery. 

Even though both; neurological physiotherapy and sports physiotherapy are the branches of physiotherapy still there lay some differences between them. In sports physiotherapy in Melbourne, every kind of pain is treated by using different physiotherapeutic ways. On the other hand, in neurological physiotherapy deformations that are related only with nervous system are treated. The treatment methods can also vary but that totally depends upon the condition of patient. 

Conclusion: 

Science has made a huge progress in every field of life but one field which has benefited mankind to a great extent is the field of medicine. There are various branches of medicine for various diseases, disorders or deformations. One such branch is physiotherapy which is further categorized into various types. These types may vary from neurological physiotherapy to sports physiotherapy. Neurological physiotherapy is the type which cures the nervous system of human body by using physiotherapeutic method. Similarly, sports physiotherapy is the type of physiotherapy in which athletes are treated by using the special physiotherapeutic methods. These methods might vary from heat treatment to exercise methods.  “Elizabeth street physiotherapy” offers the best services of sports physiotherapy as she is the expert sports physiotherapist. 

Early signs of Multiple Sclerosis

MS-Medication

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks its own tissues that mainly affects the brain, spinal cord and the optic nerves of the eyes. The immune system attacks the fatty substance known as myelin that acts as a protective cover for the nerve fibers resulting in communication problems between the brain and the body. Generally speaking, the disease is potentially disabling as it causes problems with your vision, muscle control and the body’s ability to perform basic function but the effects are different for everyone that develops this disease. Some can have mild symptoms that don’t require treatment while others are severely affected and need MS medications along with other treatments. The symptoms that appear will depend on how much damage the nerve tissue has suffered and there are severe cases where people lose complete ability to walk and communicate. Although there is no known cause of this disease there are certain factors that may increase the risk of developing MS such as family history. If the disease is present in your parents or grandparents then you are more likely to develop it. There are also certain infections that have been linked to MS such as the Epstein-Barr virus. Low levels of Vitamin D in the body have also been associated with this disease. 

There are many unpredictable symptoms of MS but here are some common signs that will help in detecting this disease early on so that you can know whether you need MS medications or not: 

  1. Vision problems are one of the most common signs as the inflammation can damage the optic nerve leading to blurred vision or loss of it. These problems cannot be detected immediately as the degeneration of vision is slow. There may also be some pain when you look up or from one side to another. 
  1. As MS affects the brain and disrupts its signals to the body, it can lead to numbness and tingling as sometimes there is a complete lack of signals.  
  1. People who suffer from this disease also have chronic pain and stiffness in the muscles that lead to spasms. The most common area that is affected are the legs and the back. 
  1. Unexplained weakness and tiredness are another early sign as this occurs when the nerves in the spinal column begin to deteriorate.  
  1. People with MS also suffer from dizziness and problems with balance especially when they stand up.  
  1. The bladder also gets affected leading to loss of bowel control, frequent need to urinate or inability to hold it in. 
  1. There are also changes in emotional health such as the onslaught of depression, mood swings and irritability. People may also suffer from episodes of uncontrollable crying and hysterical laughter. 

The diagnosis of this disease consists if ruling out other conditions that have similar symptoms. When you visit your doctor, they will firstly recommend blood tests to determine if you have the bio markers for MS. There is also the spinal tap in which fluid is taken from your spinal canal to help identify any abnormalities in the antibodies as well as ruling out any infections. An MRI is also performed to see which areas of the brain the disease is affecting. There are also evoked potential tests that record the signals produced by your nervous system when exposed to certain stimuli. This includes watching a visual pattern or short electrical impulse being implied to the nerves in the legs and arms. As there us no cure the treatment focuses on speedy recovery from the attacks and slowing down the progress of the disease as swell as dealing with the symptoms. One of the treatments for the attacks is plasma exchange where the plasma of the blood is separated from the cells and then the cells are mixed with a protein solution and injected back into the body. This treatment is used when the body does not respond to MS medications such as steroids. Doctors also recommend physical therapy for patients so that they can better perform their daily tasks. MS medications also include muscle relaxants for stiffness as well as medicines to help with the fatigue and depression.